Human Rights Indonesia

Defensive Enforcement: Human Rights in Indonesia

There are not many academic articles that portray the general description of human rights in Indonesia in peer-reviewed international journal.

This article entitled ‘Defensive Enforcement: Human Rights in Indonesia’ published in Human Rights ReviewVol. 11(3), pp. 373-399, is attempt to explain the factors behind the current status of human rights enforcement in this country.

The objective of the article is to examine the human rights enforcement in Indonesian legal and political system. This is done by studying the legal basis of human rights, the process of proliferation of human rights discourse, and the actual controversies of human rights enforcement. The study has the effect of highlighting some of the immense deficits in ensuring that violations are treated under judicial procedure and the protection of human rights is available and accessible for victims. The author inevitably came into a conclusion that the openness of legal and political arenas for human rights discourses is not followed with a tangible impact on the entitlement positions of the people. The problems of the weak institutions and the unenthusiastic enforcement show that, in Indonesia, human rights are formally adopted as a political strategy to avoid substantial implementation.

Governance Human Rights Indigenous Peoples

Legal Complexity and the Right to Food

For the Critical Legal Theory Conference, organized by Utrecht University this year, I presented a paper on ‘Legal Complexity and the Right to Food’ in the Methodology Panel.

The paper is set out to analyse what it means to study state obligations to progressive realisation of the right to food from the perspective legal complexity. This perspective studies law not in isolation, rather in the existence of multiple legal systems at socio-political space of states. The paper highlights that employing legal complexity, particularly with its understanding on interlegality and space, may enable one to gain insights in the ways that states measure their commitment to carry their obligations to respect, protect and fulfil the right to food.

If interested you can download the paper on my SSRN page.

I am planning to develop this idea into a publication in an article peer-reviewed journal.
Food Security Human Rights Indonesia

Food Security and Human Brights

My article on ‘Food Security and Human Rights’ is published in Development in PracticeVol. 20 (1), 2010, pp. 122-130.

Here is the abstract:

Food is crucial to an adequate standard of living. The acknowledgement of the right to food in government policies is fundamental to the protection of human dignity, particularly in relation to food insecurity. It allows the right-holder to seek redress and hold government accountable for non-fulfilment. With reference to Indonesia, the article highlights deficits in meeting obligations to the right to food as stipulated in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The state links food policy to the issue of national stability, with a resulting focus on the national rather than household or individual levels, and the inhibition at the grassroots of the right to food.

Food Security Indonesia

Beyond Eradicating Hunger

The Jakarta Post | Opinion | Tue, September 15 2009, 9:40 AM

Two facts demonstrate the irony of the present global food situation. One is that hunger and malnutrition are very widespread. The other is that there is enough food produced in the world to satisfy the needs of all.

In Indonesia, a similar situation also occurs. Hunger and malnutrition remain an annual problem in many remote areas, such as in East Nusa Tenggara, while the country enjoys self-sufficiency in rice.

Noble laureate Amartya Sen once argued that food problems relate to entitlement failure. This means food supplies are more than just about the commodity, but also about the relationship between people and that commodity.

Here one touches upon the lack of an effective and lawful protection of the individual in the entitlement to food, in the sense that the individual demands for just procedure fail to be honored. The right to food attempts to address this concern.

Development Human Rights Indonesia

Hazard or Right?

My book is finally published!

Here is the abstract of the 31st volume of the School of Human Rights Research Series:

Contrary to the generally positive connotation of development as structural improvement in people’s well-being, development policies, programmes and projects often affect people’s lives in a negative way. Is there, then, a protection against such “development hazards”? The question is highly topical as about ten million people annually enter the cycle of forced displacement and relocation due to development projects. Their lack of access to decision-making on development policies is part of the problem. In this context the internationally declared right to development might offer a solution as it stipulates free and meaningful participation.

The analyses in this thesis show that the official and international consensus on the moral ideas behind the right to development is insufficient to guarantee proliferation and implementation of that discourse at the grass root level. In Indonesia, efforts towards implementation reflect different dynamics entailing competing encounters between all stakeholders, which sometimes are unfavourable to the poor. Notably, the enforcement of the right to development – as both a legal resource and a political instrument to change development practices – needs to be firmly rooted in an enabling, rather than adverse, national environment.

While opening a new dialogue on the right to development as an instrument to combat development hazards, this book reveals the complex interface between human rights and development as actually practised.
You can order the book online via this link.