There are not many academic articles that portray the general description of human rights in Indonesia in peer-reviewed international journal.
This article entitled ‘Defensive Enforcement: Human Rights in Indonesia’ published in Human Rights Review, Vol. 11(3), pp. 373-399, is attempt to explain the factors behind the current status of human rights enforcement in this country.
The objective of the article is to examine the human rights enforcement in Indonesian legal and political system. This is done by studying the legal basis of human rights, the process of proliferation of human rights discourse, and the actual controversies of human rights enforcement. The study has the effect of highlighting some of the immense deficits in ensuring that violations are treated under judicial procedure and the protection of human rights is available and accessible for victims. The author inevitably came into a conclusion that the openness of legal and political arenas for human rights discourses is not followed with a tangible impact on the entitlement positions of the people. The problems of the weak institutions and the unenthusiastic enforcement show that, in Indonesia, human rights are formally adopted as a political strategy to avoid substantial implementation.